How to remove SoapAction from a WCF service which is exposed from BizTalk

1. Navigate to the ServiceDescripttion.xml file of this service. This would be generated by the BizTalk wizard. You can go to C:\Inetpub\wwwroot\[servicename]\App_Data\

2. Find the xml tag Operation and replace the actual value for name attribute with an empty string.

3. Recycle the app pool

4. Browse the WSDL and it should not have the soapAction value


Schematron Validation using XSLT in BizTalk – Part 1

This blog post is a 3 part series.

The source code for this blog post has been uploaded in the below location

BizTalk has an out of the box XML validation pipeline component to validate the semantics of the XSD schema and return the error message. However it has a lot of drawbacks
– can’t have custom error messages for failures
– can’t have all the error messages at one shot
Enter Schematron. Schematron is a language for making assertions about patterns found in XML documents. It is a rule based validation and is an ISO/IEC Standard.
There are currently many ways for implementing schematron. If we talk about BizTalk and .Net, there are two ways.
1. XPATH based implementation
2. XSLT based implementation

XPATH based in .Net Framework

Daniel Cazzulino, Microsoft XML MVP, designed a class library called Schematron.Net which provides classes for validating XML documents against the schematron schemas. This is done by the following
1. Embed Schematron rule patterns in BizTalk XSD schemas.
2. Write a custom pipeline component to call the Schematron.Net assembly to do the validation or use the Schematron Pipeline component available in Codeplex.

The above approach has some issues
1. There is a dependency to this class library. Although this library is open source, when you build BizTalk applications for enterprises, management doesn’t really like the idea of having 3rd Software libraries in the code. In case there are issues with the library, there will be no one to support.
2. A lot of XSLT functions are not available in this implementation

XSLT based Implementation

XSLT based Implementation works in two steps (Actually its 4 steps, however the extra 2 steps are actually required in complex scenarios)
1. The Schematron schema (.sch) is first turned into a validating XSLT stylesheet by transforming it with an XSLT stylesheet provided by Academica Sinica Computing Centre. These stylesheets (schematron-basic.xsl, schematron-message.xsl, schematron-report.xsl and conformance1-5.xsl) can be found at the Schematron site and the different stylesheets generate different output.
2. This validating stylesheet is then used on the XML instance document and the result will be a report that is based on the rules and assertions in the original Schematron schema.


My contribution(BizTalk custom pipeline components) in technet website

I am happy to see that my contribution – BizTalk custom pipeline component has made it to list.

My component is listed in the Transformation section

Mapper Pipeline Component

This gave me an idea of developing the tranform concept in a pipeline component, wherein you don’t have to actually create a map for transforming the message.


Build and Deploy Manager using BTDF

Fancy a build and deploy manager for BizTalk which uses BTDF in the background?

We use BTDF for building the BizTalk projects and most people now would have used TFS to do continuous integration which can utilize BTDF do build and deploy the projects.

However this is perfectly fine for automating the continuous integration process. When BizTalk projects has to be moved from development to test and production environments, manual installation steps are followed by deployment teams. For companies having a large number of projects and having the headache of following with the deployment team for the list of projects and release notes is inevitable. It sometimes require people from the dev team to sit with the deployment team to deploy the BizTalk applications.

I have developed a tool to assist with this issue. I have just started off with that tool. I will be constantly updating this tool to make it more generic.

Tool Background
Ideally this tool can be used by a build and release manager who can prepare the BizTalk MSI and deploy the applications in the respective environment without any BizTalk or BTDF knowledge

I have uploaded the project in codeplex. Its open source. So if you have any thoughts, pls share …


Replaying failed messages from BizTalk ESB portal Part 3

This post is in continuation with the series “Replaying failed messages from BizTalk ESB Portal”

If you haven’t seen the first post of this series, please use the below link to view the post. Part 2

Until now we have seen how to use BizTalk orchestration/receive port/send port to route failed messages to the ESB. But now we will how to replay the message from within the ESB Management Console. The ESB Portal is a ASP.Net application and the whole source code is made available to us by Microsoft.

The default replaying mechanism requires us to create either HTTP or WCF-HTTP adapters for replaying. I would like to go for a FILE adapter, as I would get an oppurtunity to view the message once it is replayed. To add support for a FILE adapter, we need to customize the ESB.Portal ASP.Net application. When you would have downloaded the ESB toolkit, you would have also got the source code for the ESB Portal and the corresponding web services applications.

Once you have loaded the solution, follow the below steps.

  1. In the ESB.Portal project, expand Faults and click MessageViewer.ascx file. Right click to view code or press F7.
  2. Navigate to the method PopulateReceiveLocationList().
  3. foreach (BizTalkOperationsService.BTReceiveLocation rcvLoc in sysStatus.ReceiveLocations)
                    if (rcvLoc.Handler.ProtocolName.ToUpper().Equals("HTTP"))
                        rcvLoc.Address = "http://" + rcvLoc.Handler.Host.HostInstances[0].ServerName + rcvLoc.Address;

    Replace the above code with

    foreach (BizTalkOperationsService.BTReceiveLocation rcvLoc in sysStatus.ReceiveLocations)
                    if (rcvLoc.Handler.ProtocolName.ToUpper().Equals("HTTP"))
                        rcvLoc.Address = "http://" + rcvLoc.Handler.Host.HostInstances[0].ServerName + rcvLoc.Address;
                    else if (rcvLoc.Handler.ProtocolName.ToUpper().Equals("FILE"))
  4. The above lines of code will include the FILE receive locations to appear in the ESB Management console.
    Now we need to navigate to the ResubmitMessage() method and add the below code

    else if (resubmitUrl.Contains("*.xml"))
                    string url = resubmitUrl.Replace("\\", @"\");
                    url = url.Substring(0, url.IndexOf('*'));
                    System.Xml.XmlDocument doc = new System.Xml.XmlDocument();
                    StringBuilder envelopeMessage = new StringBuilder();
                    doc.Save(url + @"\" + System.Guid.NewGuid().ToString() + ".xml");
                    responseCode = "202";
                    responseMessage = "Successfully sumbitted to FILE Adapter";
                    result = true;

    The above lines of code creates a xml document and drops it into the receive location URI that you have chosen. You will understand it better when you see everything in action.

  5. compile and project. If the project location is the same as the IIS directory location for this application, then you dont need to copy anything. If you are developing in a differnt location, then you can run the setup file that is also there in the solution to get your changes into the web application.
  6. We are all done and we can ahead and do our testing. Click the fault message in the Fault viewer and go to the message details. In the message viewer, click the edit link and the Text View control will now be enabled for you to edit the message. Go ahead and add the value 1 in the Count field and click Resubmit link.
  7. You will see a confirmation status in the ReSubmission status field. Go to Biztalk administration console and you could see that our orchestration would have completed without raising any exception. If you can enable tracking on the orchestration, you could now see the altered message.
  8. Have a look at the below picture for resubmitting a message

We have now completed replaying failed message from the ESB Management console without any context properties. If you observe the context message of the new one that you received, they would have lost its original context properties. In some circumnstance, you might need to replay a message with its original context property.

We will cover that in the next post.


Replaying failed messages from BizTalk ESB portal Part 2

This post is in continuation with the series “Replaying failed messages from BizTalk ESB Portal”

If you haven’t seen the first post of this series, please use the below link to view the post. Part 1

In this Post, we will see a sample application. This solution will comprise a schema and an orchestration. We will see how we can route messages to the ESB from an orchestration. After doing this excercise we will also see how we can route failed messages from receive port and send port to the ESB.

So, lets first see how we can route messages from Orchestration.

  1. I created a sample application to demonstrate this. I have a xml schema which will be my source schema. The schema structure looks like this.

    See the Count element promoted in the schema.

  2. I added the below dll’s as reference to the project.
    C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft BizTalk ESB Toolkit 2.1\Bin\Microsoft.Practices.ESB.ExceptionHandling.dll
    C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft BizTalk ESB Toolkit 2.1\Bin\Microsoft.Practices.ESB.ExceptionHandling.Schemas.Faults.dll
  3. Added an orchestration which will process the xml message. It receives the xml message using a receive shape and tries to assign the promoted value(Count) into a variable.
  4. As I explained in my previous post, I have added a scope that will have all my shapes. Currently there is only one shape in our business process. 7.Create a message in orchestration view and name it msgFaultMessage. Select the type as
  5. Add a construct shape and select the message that we have just added. Add a message assignment shape and the below code.
     msgFaultMessage = Microsoft.Practices.ESB.ExceptionHandling.ExceptionMgmt.CreateFaultMessage();
     msgFaultMessage.FailureCategory = “Process Questions”;
     msgFaultMessage.FaultCode = “”;
     msgFaultMessage.FaultDescription = ex.Message;
     msgFaultMessage.FaultSeverity = Microsoft.Practices.ESB.ExceptionHandling.FaultSeverity.Critical;
  6. Add a send shape to send the fault message. Add a Logical send port in the orchestration and configure the binding as Direct with “Routing between ports…” option selected.
  7. Build the project and deploy the orchestration. Now to see the fault message routed to ESB, we need to create a source file for our orchestration to receive and process. Go ahead and generate an instance of the xml message. Modify the message and remove the value for the Count field. This will make the orchestration engine throw an error. That error which will caught by our exception handler and a fault message will be created. It will then be sent to Message box using direct send port.
  8. This is what you should in the BizTalk administration console.

  9. See how the message is showing up in ESB portal.

  10. You can click on the fault message to show its fault details in the fault viewer.

  11. You can find a grid at the bottom and this is the actual failed message. You can see a link for its messageid and if you click that it will give you a chance to see it message data and its context properties.

    Below is the message data

    Below is the context data

In this post I have explained how to route failed messages to ESB and see the fault messages within ESB Management console.

Messages can also be routed from receive ports and send ports. There is a check box in the properties and we can enable that to route fault messages to the message box.

In the next post, I will show you how to replay messages from the BizTalk ESB console.


Could not enlist Send Port ‘XXXXX’. Exception from HRESULT: 0xC00CE557

This happens in a typical scenario, where you have a Send port which has a filter on it(Messaging based interface). The binding file that you used had this filter section, but unfortunately it had CRLF characters in
the filter section.
There are lot of posts in the internet which explains the fact that the filter part of the binding file has to be modified. If you would have used Visual Studio to edit the binding files, then it would have alter the structure of the filter section.

I will suggest to make the entire filter section in one line.

However the mistake that I did is, even after correcting the problem and re-importing the binding file, I still saw the problem. This is because, BizTalk doesnt do a clean up of the bindings, if you import a binding file on top of it. So you need to Un-Deploy the interface, Deploy the interface again and import the binding file.